Hay Fever (Kafunsho) in Japan
What is hay fever (kafunsho) in Japan?
Pollenosis (commonly referred to as “hay fever”): allergic reactions triggered by pollen
Symptoms of hay fever: sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, eye irritation
The types of pollens that trigger allergic reactions are Japanese cedar, Hinoki cypress, and pine trees pollen. Of these three, the one most people have a reaction to is the Japanese cedar pollen.
Why do so many people suffer from hay fever in Japan?
In Japan, many people started to suffer from hay fever due to cedar pollen from around the 1960’s. During that time, the Japanese government ordered a large number of cedar and cypress trees to be planted. Because these trees grow quite fast, the cost for materials for urban development and posts war recovery, from World War II, became more affordable. It is assumed that the significant increase of pollen is due to the vast number of cedar and cypress trees, causing an increase in the number of people who suffer from hay fever.
Hay Fever Season in Japan
Japanese cedar pollen can be found in the air from February through April. During this period, the number of people suffering from hay fever increases drastically. In Japan, it is assumed that approximately 25 million people suffer from hay fever. Sometimes it is said that not one Japanese person doesn’t know someone who is affected by it. During this season the pollen quantity is forecasted everyday along with the weather on TV, in newspapers, and on the internet.
Expect to see many Japanese people wearing a mask between February and April.
Pollen Dispersal Forecast for 2021
The Japan Weather Association has announced the latest pollen dispersal forecast for 2021 spring on January 20th, 2021.
According to the forecast, cedar pollen dispersal during the 2021 spring season will start from the beginning of February and will be hay fever season in the Kyushu, Shikoku, and Tokai, a part of Kanto districts. The timing of hay fever season this year is nearly the same time as in an average year or slightly earlier. The peak period of pollen dispersal in Tokyo is forecasted to be sometime in early to late March. Similar to the previous year (2020) the amount of pollen that will be dispersed is predicted to be less than that of an average year nationwide. However, it is predicted that pollen dispersal in the Kanto districts will be higher than last year, but still below average.
Protection methods against hay fever
1. Avoid pollen
Avoid going out on the days when more pollen is predicted to be in the air.
Here is a useful link for hay fever conditions and pollen forecast (the location in the link is set for Tokyo, if you live in a different city, ADD LOCATION and check your area)
Pollen count and allergy info by Weather.com
2. Prevent exposure to pollen
Glasses (Pollen Guard) : You can find glasses that avoid exposure to pollen.
Mask: You may want to find a high-density mask that fits the contours of your face tightly. The triangular shaped ones might help you breath more easily.
You can find such masks at any pharmacy.
Pollen Blocker Spray (AllerShut)： A spray that blocks pollen, PM2.5, and yellow dust with its ion power, and prevents pollen from entering into your eyes, nose and mouth. The effect of using this product can be enhanced by hand-washing, gargling, wearing a mask, and other measures all together.
3. Moderate the symptoms by medication
Medication: Get prescription medication
Consultation at a hospital :
Many people consult with an ear/nose/throat clinic or just a normal family doctor. Other medical institutions are viable as well such as an ophthalmologist, pediatrician, dermatologist, a clinic for allergies, etc. depending on the symptoms.
If you find you are developing hay fever, it would be wise to take the preventive measures above, or to go see a doctor to get professional advice and medication to help you through this difficult season.
Recommended Over-the-counter medications:
“Allegra” for allergic nasal congestion contains the same ingredients and amount as prescription medication; which you can get without prescription at a pharmacy.
It doesn’t cause drowsiness. It is advised to start taking the medicine roughly 2 weeks before pollen dispersal starts.
Ex.) Aneton Almedi decongestant tablet
These medicines help soothing sneezing and runny nose and decongest developed due to hay fever, house dust, etc.
4. About injection treatment for hay fever:
There are various hay fever treatments, and one of them is the premeditated injection treatment by a doctor. It is recommended especially for a person who is suffering seriously or who wants to expect a complete cure.
The following injection treatments are currently provided by medical institutions. It is recommended that you consult with a doctor for appropriate treatment.
Allergic material injection (Hyposensitization)
Injection of a specific allergic material (allergen) such as cedar pollen, and increasing the injection amount of the allergic material, consequently raises immunity and prevents symptoms of hay fever.
- It takes a long time to have see results (it may take about half year to see results while receiving one injection per week)
- The treatment is limited to only the specific allergy
- There are few side effects reported
- The cost is low
- Medical insurance is applicable for the treatment.
Histamine injection (Histaglobin injection)
This treatment is called nonspecific hyposensitization. Unlike hyposensitization its purpose is not to provide immunity to one specific allergen through the injection of said allergen, but to inject histamine to raise your overall general immunity. Treatment methods vary by hospital, and generally 3-12 injections within 1-2 week time span may significantly control an allergic reaction for about 3-4 months. Side effect risks and the expenses are similar to hyposensitization.
Please note that Steroid Injections work to reduce every allergic reaction and seem to show great improvement of symptoms, but it does not cure hay fever, it only helps to reduce inflammation from hay fever. Various negative side effects can arise from steroids, and because of this it is not recommended by the Oto-rhino-laryngological Society of Japan.
5. About the latest therapeutic drugs for hay fever
On January 17, 2014 a new medicine was approved by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, which has potential to completely cure cedar pollinosis. It is called Sublingual immune therapy medicine "CEDARTOLEN® ". The new medicine is epoch-making in its method of treatment because you only drop the medicine solution under the tongue like eye-drops, wait for two minutes, and just swallow it. Clinical trials show that a suppressant effect of symptoms can be seen after one and a half years of one dose per day. This treatment is available for patients who are 12 years or older and the treatment needs to be administered for 2-3 years.
Since its initial release in October of 2014, CEDARTOLEN and its treatment can be found at various medical institutions throughout Japan. Some of the many advantages to this treatment are that the treatment is covered by medical insurance, there is no pain from injections to worry about, the burden on patients is small, there is no need to go to a hospital, and the risk of side effects when compared to injections are lower.
In addition to the above medication a new alternative, CEDARCURE®, was released in June of 2018. This prescription medication is only offered in the form of a tablet and its target demographic is primarily children between the ages of 5 to 12. To use it, you would place a tablet under your tongue and wait for one minutes before swallowing it. As this medicine is still new, during treatment, patients are required to periodically visit their doctor–who prescribed them the medicine–every two weeks until April 30th, 2019, and then every 4 weeks after May 1st, 2019.
It is highly recommended that you consult a specialized medical institution for further details about the medicine and the possibility for treatment.
Here, at PLAZA HOMES, many of our employees also suffer from hay fever.
We have some measures of our staff use that help us through this season.
Measures against hay fever practiced by PLAZA HOMES employees
- Do not hang laundry outside (because pollen will be attached)
- Shake off pollen from jackets, hair, etc. before entering the house or office. Do not bring the jacket in to the bedroom or living room because it is likely to have some pollen. Ask other family members and colleagues to do the same.
- Gargle and wash the eyes with eye drops when returning home.
- Clean the A/C filters frequently
- Use a high-spec air cleaner around the desk in the office and use it exclusively.